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On the top of the mountain, which the Brazilians call Corcovado (Hunchback), over a picturesque bay and gorgeous beaches, the famous stadium and the great city of Rio de Janeiro, is one of the most famous sculptures on Earth. Savior spread his arms over the city in a blessed impulse, as if trying to embrace the whole world under His feet.
The idea of creating a religious monument in this place was born long before its implementation. Since the 19th century, residents of the city have been comparing the humpbacked mountain with the mountain of Temptation, on which the Savior was tempted by the devil himself and overcome the temptation.
The idea of the monument received government support ahead of the centenary of Brazil's independence. Funds for the installation of the sculpture were collected by subscription from all over the country. The most active contributor was the Catholic Church itself.
The authorship of the monumental monument is not easy. If the initial sketch was created by the Brazilian Carlos Oswald, then a detailed study of the sculpture and the final draft, approved by the commission, was performed by da Silva Costa, the head of the figure was made by Frenchman of Polish descent Paul Landowski. Dozens of engineers worked on the construction of the monument.
The construction of such a monumental project (the height of the statue with a pedestal is about forty meters, the arm span is about thirty meters, and the weight is more than a thousand tons) was possible thanks to the previously built miniature railway leading to the very top of the mountain. The selected material (reinforced concrete and soapstone) provide aesthetics, durability and structural strength. The construction itself lasted about nine years. On the pedestal of the sculpture is a small chapel.
The official opening of the sculpture took place in October 1931. The monument was consecrated three times, and twice personally by the popes (Paul VI and John Paul II).
In July 2007, the statue of Christ the Redeemer was included in the list of new seven wonders of the world (the Statue of Liberty in New York, the Eiffel Tower and the Acropolis of Athens were not included in the list).
The Brazilian Catholic Church stores a large number of materials from which the monument is made. It's all about lightning. Every year, 4-5 times lightning causes damage to the sculpture. Seriously, the monument was restored twice, but minor restoration work is held here regularly.
Each year, about two million tourists from all over the world come to Rio to see this amazing creation of human genius.